Tipos de Entrenamiento y su significado, en el Karate – Do
Las artes marciales, o Budo, son un completo y único método japonés de educación integral. El térmi- no DO, “camino”, el cual aparece en nombres tales como judo (ju-do), aikido (aiki-do) y karatedo (karate-do), tiene un hondo contenido filosófico, y es esencial en el estudio y en la práctica de estas artes.
El Keiko (práctica) y el Shugyo (entrenamiento austero) are terms that are often used to refer to kendo training. El Keiko se refiere a la iluminación del presente mediante la práctica de las técnicas aprendidas y a la aplicación de los conocimientos adquiridos. Por su parte, shugyo the concept is based on Eastern philosophy and traditions strongly influenced by Buddhism and ascetic practices. The shugyo part of the body and mind are indivisible, and that the technique is attached to the spirit of inextricably. The person seeking the "path" (michi) through physical training, but the ultimate meaning of this goes beyond the mere physical technique or outcome of the confrontation with an opponent. Even the emphasis today is on the funnel around the sporting aspect and competition has failed to eclipse the importance of keiko and shugyo in martial arts.
Esta es una profunda visión del entrenamiento en el Budo, que implica que la práctica es algo más que simplemente aprender técnicas efectivas o mejorar la fuerza y la velocidad a la hora de conseguir la victoria en el kendo, el judo, el karate o cualquier otra disciplina. Namely, es necesario aprender técnicas de cualquier budo que permitan obtener la victoria de acuerdo con los principios del arte en cuestión. Esto se aprende sólo a través del entrenamiento repetitivo a lo largo de un largo período de tiempo; pero es también que a lo largo de este entrenamiento repetitivo
el la técnica va más allá de lo físico. This training develops the social skills of people, and their level of consciousness, and teaches them how to improve their lives, thus becoming a form of spiritual discipline. The way of budo (karate) is to develop and cultivate human nature and individual potential through training practitioners in accordance with the principles of Bushido.
Training in karate-do can be divided
into three main categories:
Kihon (basic technical),
Kumite (combat with another person),
Word (training exercises conducted form self).
- Kihon, attacks and the main defenses are perfected one by one. Students often repeated movements, learning to make a quick and accurate. Namely, kihon sessions allow students to improve speed and power of their fist attacks, their kicking and other striking techniques (elbow, open hand, etc.), while trying to correct breathing, foot movements and postures. The exercise movements are symmetrically, the right and left, leading to a balanced physical and technical development. To improve the technical level of the students, and to be more balanced on both sides, they become more spiritually balanced and in harmony with nature. Being at this time, when there really entendimientodel "Road" (Michi, Do).
- Kumite, in contrast to the practice of kata , is to train with an opponent , where the student can practice the applications of what they have learned in kihon. The objectives of this training are learning to apply the basic postures, hip movements and techniques of defense and attack against an opponent. Namely, The main objective is converted into real technical know what statically learned.
There are several types of kumite:
Yakusoku kumite (preset combat) , where opponents practice a predetermined sequence of attacks and defenses. Depending on the degree of complexity, we can divide the yakusoku kumite:
Ippon Kumite - An attack a defense.
The attacker rolls one attack, will be blocked and answered by his opponent with another attack. As you train, is essential to reduce the time between blocking and attack, and learn how to make a single attack explosively (as if life were one in it). The attacking learns to reduce the attack time, while defending learns to detect an impending attack and react accordingly.
Sanbon Kumite (Three attacks three defenders and Counterattack )
It's about learning to deal with not one but several consecutive attacks. In each attack, the attacker takes a step back and defending while blocking the attack.
Kumite Gohon (Fighting five steps)
As yakusoku kumite is practiced, adjusts to the body and mind to magulladu- ras. Also, learn to maintain the correct distance from the opponent, to attack and try to defeat the opponent's block, increase the speed with which the techniques are implemented, and, important, to maintain the structures Karate (continue to monitor breathing and basic postures) in a pressure situation and anticipation of an attack.
Jyu Ippon Kumite. A free attack and defense
Jyu Kumite -(Free Combat), where opponents are able to test their skills on offense and defense in a controlled situation which it purports to combat actual combat. If in combat determined the goal is to improve the techniques, learn to judge and to use the ma-ai (distance ), and polishing the body movement and speed, jyu kumite allows the actual implementation. In jyu kumite opponents move freely through the mat, can apply the technique or they consider most appropriate t'ecnicas.
A variant is Kumite Jyu Jyu Ippon kumite (Ippon = one); the opponents must fit a blow (and only one) his adversary. At that time about ending combat understands , to resume again if deemed necessary. If we are in jyu kumite (unlimited shots), no points are awarded and no referees to determine when to end the contest. The fight ends when an opponent is clearly dominant over the other, when one of the two yields, when the time limit ends for combat or when both deem necesario.Etc..
Combat involved an arbitrator, techniques are scored successfully executed (when that happens, the referee will stop the bout momentarily,to rule as it deems appropriate under the rules of karate to pursue moments later) .
To achieve progress in the kumite is essential to harmonize one's breath (Kokyu) with the opponent. When you get both their movements synchronize her breathing with the opponent, we learn to perceive the intention, or spirit, the opponent; namely, Permeation learn to their ki.
When a person is trained in learning to harmonize with other people and with nature- leza. This note as it is making change its nature, Merging with the all ; the journey that takes place to achieve this goal makes sense is where OJ “Road“.
The kata are the result of experience and training of our teachers severe ancestors- two; one kata is an ordered set of moves that can be easily studied . Something very important
nte and not must never forget is that when running a kata one must imagine that you are always surrounded by adversaries; before, behind, the left and right , and it is in a real danger. However, this is not the only meaning of the kata.
Bujutsu-sei: Efficiency in combat (Death or Life)
Geijutsu-sei: Artistic execution (Beauty and Truth)
Tetsugaku-sei: Aspects filos'oficos (Ki and the Universe)
Unlike fight against an opponent . In the kata one must imagine the adversaries to fight. Namely, one battle with himself. A kata must be performed with all the soul, so that the execution thereof is infused with "ki" (vital energy or spirit). Just as things can be deducted from an individual's personality by analyzing his writing, also can know everything about a person seeing his way to execute the kata. The kata begins training as a technical study, but, ultimately, its importance lies in the set perfecci'on t'ecnicas, Going more than all'a t'ecnica own in order to find the DO "Camino".
Finally, I would like to emphasize that the kihon , kumite and kata support and complement each other. Although there are times when one predominates over the other two, I hope the reader train always considering are St. I Ittai, three aspects of the same thing
Harada Matsusuke (Karate Magazine. France)
When we look at the pictures where O Sensei Funakoshi training with the makiwara, note that it is simply using the force. We sense as at the time of impact energy throughout your body be flowing at hand ,force going right now to the background. What O Sensei wanted was concentrating all his energy at the instant of impact.
Formerly, the makiwara was made of bamboo. If you hit hard, could get to break it. Sometimes when a student broke the makiwara, Sensei was greatly angered
When the breaks (Tamashiwary )became popular. training with the makiwara became an instrument which sought THROUGH strength and hardening. Forgetting is its essential .
The name of Shotokan Karate
The view Masatoshi Nakayama
(Extracted from the magazine "Karate" France)
The word "karate" did not exist in ancient times as word itself (termination "Te", referred to "the hand", can be added to many words; so , would, for example, Okinawa-Te (Okinawa hand), Tokyo-Te. Etc..
At the beginning of last century, those who practiced Chinese techniques used the term "Kenpo", meaning "Chinese art" During the Sino-Japanese war from the invasion of Manchuria in 1932 by Japan, everything Chinese was avoided remind. So on Kanji (and its meaning) was changed, , going from "Chinese hand" to "empty hand", but keeping the same pronunciation. For this reason it is so mundane that appeared the term "Karate". However, the name fascinated people, and gradually the term was adopted worldwide is. We add the term "DO" to have "Karate- DO ", as judo (Thurs-Sun), Kendo (Ken-Do), etc.
The name "Shotokan"
Gichin Funakoshi, a school teacher by profession, and poetry had as one of its "hobbies , he recited his poems always called himself himself “Shoto“, (Pino - Wave) which is given the literal meaning of "rolling pine" or "pine oscillations". (We should not dismiss the significance of TO as sea wave)
Later, Funakoshi explained that, at Mount Torao, the sound of the wind passing through the pines sounded like waves crashing against the cliffs when . As he drew inspiration for his poetry walking through the murmur of the pines. He chose the name Shoto to sign his poems
In 1936, Funakoshi opened his first dojo in Tokyo , called "Shotokan" by his students. The name of his dojo was gaining popularity, and people began to associate the name of the style dojo.
Etymologically, SHOTOKAN name was made using Sho (Pine) and To (wave), plus the word "Kan", meaning house or school (to official sites). Then Shotokan means "house or undulating pine school" ( house or temple of the "pine and wave"). Funakoshi School.
In my opinion Sho (is Pino) about TO I tend to think it is but sea wave
Someone once asked the Master Nakayama. Is Shotokan style itself, separated from other?
Nakayama's response: ."Not at all! It is a big mistake. Funakoshi never created a style of name 'Shotokan'. 'Shotokan' was the name that was known to his dojo. Why this name? Nobody knows, I never heard him talk about it. One day, during a karate class, one of his pupils before him said he practiced the style 'Shoto Ryu'. Funakoshi Sensei was very angry; moments later, replied the student: 'You practice karate and nothing but karate!’
Master Funakoshi What he meant was that Karate only one “.
Sho is the beginning of the word Sho-rin (small forest) .Rin and Bayashi = Forest
Note: Shobayashi. Matsubayashi. Kobayashi. The three main schools of Shorin Ryu have in their names the word pine, as Shorin .
The "Dojo Kun" is a phrase or set of them affirmative traditionally recited by all students at the end of each training session.
Must be repeated aloud and strong, first by the Master of the Dojo or the Sempai, and then immediately repeated in unison way for all students before each greeting at the end of the class.
*Jinkaku kansei no koto tsutomuru
Straining is on perfecting the character
* Makoto no michi wo mamoru koto
Be by and for the truth
* Doryoku Seishin no koto wo yashinau
foster the spirit of effort
* Omonzuru Reigi koto wo
Respect for others (Greeting)
* Kekki yu no koto wo imashimuru
Refrain from impetuous behavior
The Twenty Precepts of Gichin Funakoshi Grandmaster .
'Way of Life' .
- The Karate begins and ends with the greeting.
- In karate there is no first attack.
- The Karate Ka must follow the path of righteousness.
- Know yourself before others.
- Prefix it with the Spirit Technique
- Get ready to release your mind and cultivate.
- accidents stem from a lack of attention.
- Karate training is not only in the Dojo
- Put karate into everything you do (or "Karate is for Life").
- Karate Do part of your life and find myo.
- Karate is like hot water: if not kept continuously hot, cooled.
- Do not think you can win. Conversely, think you should not miss.
- Victory depends on the skill you have to distinguish spots that are vulnerable are those who do not.
- Move and breathe in accordance with your opponent.
- Consider the hands and feet of your opponent as sharp as swords.
- Be aware of your actions to not incite problems.
- Positions low natural postures for beginners and for advanced students.
- Practicing kata does not replace reality (Real Fight)
- Remember :
- The strength and weakness of the same.
- expansion and contraction of the body.
- Slow speed and techniques.
- Think of ways you can apply these precepts every day (devise, invent at all times).
Origin of the Shotokan Tiger
There are various opinions about:
A) When Gichin Funakoshi was young, liked to walk alone among the pine trees beside the city of Shuri, where he lived. Often climbed Mount Torao and meditated among the pines in the light of the moon and stars. The Monte Torao is a very narrow, wooded mountain distant view resembles a tiger tail. In fact, the same name “Torao” means “tiger-tail”. That is why so many think Funakoshi chose the tiger as a symbol.
B) Another story tells why the symbol of the tiger. It seems that Funakoshi was asked to write the first book on karate. The person who asked him was an artist named Hoan Kosugi. It was decided that if the book was written Kosugi would design the cover. In Japanese, “Tora no maki” is an official certificate of a work of art.
C) In my opinion, the real origin of the symbol for Shotokan Tiger is as follows: all visitors to Okinawa know or hear about Shishi and Shisha , an odd pair of mythological animals, that resemble two tigers or lions. these two animals represent the opposite (male / female, etc). These two symbols are on the doors of homes throughout Okinawa, as a symbol of good luck and protection.
Shishi is the power, how hard, the positive, Yang. In 1995, talking with Sensei Kanazawa asked:
Sensei, Shotokan Is Hard style (GO) or Soft (WHY)?. His answer was GO.
I gave an interesting explanation of why, not discuss here.
Every summer held a dance with Dance Sishi name in the town of Ikehara. where this animal lives . The party begins with a ceremony just for women only more older these being the site , then go to a makeshift shrine: space of . Etc..
That is why the importance of this animal has on the island of Okinawa so I think that Gichi Funakoshi Sensei chose this symbol for his dojo.
The Unknown Face of an Okinawan Master O Sensei Funakoshi
Dai Sensei Funakoshi, Okinawa as a good teacher, had a knowledge of the art of Kobudo in accordance with his enormous skill in Karate. The proof of this was his student, Shinken Taira , who studied with Funakoshi Sensei for more than 15 years old. .
Even today, Okinawa teachers do not show what they know, and sometimes see the errors of their students and do not correct them until they see fit.
Yasutsune Azato (1827-1906) And Yasutsune Itosu (1830-1915).
Gichin Funakoshi, known as the founder of Shotokan karate and other Okinawa Teachers are responsible for the development of karate in Japan
Some of the students from different generations of Shotokan Karate :
Many of the students became teachers Funakoshi, some of which created their own school, in line with their own body shape, education and culture.
- Taira Shinken Hozon Ryukyu Kobudo Shinkokai
- Otsuka Hinori (1-61892)-(19-1-1982)Wado ryu 1934
- T Yamada.
- Yasuhiro Konishi 1893-1963 Shindo Ryu Jinen.
- Makoto Gima 1896-1989. Gima-Ha Shoto Ryu
- K Takaki
- I. Obata
- T. Shimoda
- Watanabe Waseda University captain 1943
- Captain Okuyama second Waseda university 1943
- Shigeru Egami SHOTOKAI
- Tsutomu Oshima (1930- ) Shotokan Karate of America
- Masatoshi Nakayama 6-4-1913 al16-4-1987 JKA 1949
- Hidetaka Nishiyama (1928 – )ITTK
- Teiji Kase Kase Ha Shotokan-Ryu
- Hirokazu Kanazawa. Shotokan Karate International 1977
- Enoeda KUGB
- Osamu Ozawa
The Japan Karate Association was created by Nakayama 1949, with students from Dai Sensei Funakoshi. This was the first Japanese karate federation. There were other styles of karate but they were federated. At that time there was no concept of "style". Gichin Funakoshi was appointed chief instructor because of the technical mastery and leadership skills. Although Funakoshi sensei was always considered a great master in karate, He always emphasized that the biggest benefit brought karate training is spiritual development and improvement of the person
The Master Funakoshi died 26 April 1957, at age 88 years old.